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New foreign language support for risk location advice

To assist Lloyd's market participants, including service companies and coverholders located overseas, in understanding what factors to consider when determining risk location, Lloyd's has translated risk location guidance into various languages.

Mon 31 Mar 2014

Risk location continues to be an important issue for the Lloyd's market as it determines territories whose laws, regulations and tax rules apply to an insurance contract. Click here to access the translated Rich-Text-content on which is available in French, German, Italian, Mandarin and Portuguese. 

Why is risk location important?

It is important to get risk location right as getting it wrong can lead to:

  • paying the wrong taxes
  • writing invalid insurance contracts
  • mis-reporting the funding that supports Lloyd’s ability to trade overseas
  • delays in premium processing
  • penalties incurred by insured’s, intermediaries or underwriters
  • breach of international sanctions
  • a negative impact to Lloyd’s international trading position

Outside of the EEA there is little harmonisation of insurance regulations and fiscal rules. International risks can involve multiple jurisdictions and therefore multiple regulations and taxes will need to be considered.

For example, on a marine hull risk the location of the insured, the operating location of the vessel and the country in which the vessel is registered may all give rise to separate risk locations. In certain circumstances a risk may have:

  • more than one risk location
  • different risk locations for regulation and tax purposes
  • no risk location

How does the Risk Locator Tool work? 

The Risk Locator Tool asks a Lloyd’s market participant a number of questions, e.g. location of the insured, location of the property, location of a producing broker. The Risk Locator Tool then analyses this information and establishes the country(s) where regulations and taxes may be applicable.

The Risk Locator Tool then directs the user to relevant information in Crystal (i.e. Lloyd’s licensing position, sanctions, tax rates and class specific requirements). The Risk Locator Tool also provides a downloadable pdf report of the results which can be stored and used for audit purposes.

The Risk Locator Tool

The Risk Locator Tool can be accessed by all Lloyd's market participants that have a Crystal account

How to register for a Crystal account: 

New users 

  1. Click the log-in/register button on the Crystal homepage
  2. Click the ‘Register Now’ button and complete the simple form
  3. Once a user is successfully logged in to, to apply for enhanced Crystal  access click on 'My Account' at the top of the screen and then click on 'Request system access' under Lloyd's tools section
  4. Click Submit
  5. Lloyd’s will process the request and send confirmation that authorisation has been given
  6. Users will now have the authorisation to start using the Risk Locator Tool, which can be accessed either by the direct link or wherever you see the Risk Locator Tool icon on

Existing Crystal users 

Lloyd’s market participants who already have a account and enhanced Crystal access will have automatic access to the Risk Locator Tool.

  1. Use either the direct link or click on the Risk Locator Tool icon that is available around
  2. When prompted, enter your username and password