To identify the territory of regulation and tax of a bloodstock risk, consider:
1. The nature of the cover provided;
2. The location of the insured’s residence(s) or business establishment(s) and
3. The physical location of the horse(s). 

All risks mortality
Consequential financial loss and third party liability

All risks mortality

All risks mortality insurance covers the value of the horse if it dies as a result of accident, disease or illness.

Many countries’ laws treat horses and other animals as moveable property and the risk location is where the animal is normally situated.

The main exception to the rule above is in the EEA where the regulatory risk location for moveable property is the territory where the insured is resident but the tax risk location remains the location of the moveable property. 

If the contract covers horses situated in more than one territory there may be multiple risk locations.

Where the horse’s physical location is uncertain or variable, the risk location is the territory in which the insured’s residence or business establishment is located.

Please note: In some territories, e.g. Canada and the US, the location of the insured’s residence or business establishment creates a risk location irrespective of the physical location of the insured property. Consequently, if the insured property is in a different territory from the insured’s residence or business establishment, there are two territories for regulation and tax.  

Consequential financial loss and third party liability

Bloodstock insurance may cover consequential financial loss and/or third party liability.

The risk location for both is the territory in which the insured is resident or its business establishment is located.

If more than one insured resident or business establishment is covered, then each may individually create a risk location.


Definition of 'business establishment'

European Union (EU) legislation defines the term ‘establishment’. Outside the EU the term is not so well defined, so in the absence of any contradictory guidance, it is appropriate to follow the EU approach.

Examples of business establishments:

  • subsidiary companies 
  • branches of companies 
  • representative offices 
  • offices managed by businesses’ own staff 
  • tied selling agents 
  • factories and workshops 
  • mines and quarries 
  • oil and gas wells 
  • drilling platforms fixed to sea bed

 

Translations

Français

 

Deutsch

 

Italiano

 

中文

 

Português

 

España

Risk locator tool

Risk Locator | Establish the location of your risk

Frequently asked questions 

Introduction to Risk Location

What is risk location and why is it important ?

Introduction to risk location

Establishing the risk location

To help establish risk location please consider the questions provided via the link below

How to establish the risk location

Class of business guidance

To help you establish the risk location please consider the class of business

Class of business guidance 

Risk Location Examples

The interaction of different territorial rules can make a given scenario complex. Applying the principles set out will assist market participants in establishing the risk location.

Risk location examples

Get more from Crystal

Register  for a free Crystal/Risk Locator account and benefit from:

  • Access to premium content
  • Risk location guidance
  • Regular updates on regulatory and fiscal requirements via Lloyd's Regulatory Communications newsletter
  • Access to Crystal Assist, an online tutorial that provides an introduction to Lloyd's licences and regulatory and fiscal requirements (CII CPD Accredited Event - 20pts)
  • Ability to save your favourite searches

Login/Register

  • For guidance on how to use Crystal access the Crystal Demo

 

Contacts

Lloyd's International Trading Advice
(LITA)

Lloyd's Desk,
Ground Floor,
Underwriting Room

t: +44 (0)20 7327 6677
e: LITA@lloyds.com